Saturday, February 10, 2018

Switch and Radio as Pill Custom Colors

There are two easy ways to have Toggle-like items in your applications.

One way is by using the Switch item type that will like this:

If your switch items are displayed as select lists rather than as toggle items, you will need to go in your application's Shared Components, then in the Components Settings and edit the Switch item to change the Display Style attribute to Switch.

Another way is by using a Radio item. You'll need to change some attributes so that the item is displayed as a toggle.

First, you'll need to change the Number of Columns attributes to at least the amount of values you have. I like to use 999 so that if a new value is added to the list, I won't have to change the attribute again.

Then you'll need to change the Template Options so that the Radio Group Display is set to "Display as Pill Button".
You will get a radio item that looks like this:

Now, let's customize their colors.

Custom On/Off Colors

Let's define this CSS
/* Custom On/Off Color - No Color */
.t-Form-fieldContainer--radioButtonGroup .customOnOffColor.apex-item-radio input:checked + label,
.customOnOffColor.apex-button-group input:checked+label {
    background-color: #EF9A9A;

/* Custom On/Off Color - Yes Color */
.t-Form-fieldContainer--radioButtonGroup .customOnOffColor.apex-item-radio input[value=Y]:checked + label,
.customOnOffColor.apex-button-group input[value=Y]:checked+label {
In order to have the items use custom colors, we only need to set the CSS Classes to "customOnOffColor".

The yes value will be green and any other value will be red, like this:

Custom On Color

Let's define this CSS
/* Custom On Color */
.t-Form-fieldContainer--radioButtonGroup .customOnColor.apex-item-radio input:checked + label,
.customOnColor.apex-button-group input:checked+label {
    background-color: #B3E5FC;
In order to have the items use custom color, we only need to set the CSS Classes to "customOnColor".

The selected value will be blue, like this:

For both the custom On/Off and On only colors, if you'd like to apply it for all items (Switch and Radio as Pill), you can simply remove the classes names from the above CSS.

You can have a look at it in action in my Demo Application


Monday, January 29, 2018

Use Font APEX and Font Awesome Simultaneously

APEX 5.0 gave us the ability to include the Font Awesome library in our applications. In APEX 5.1, Font APEX was added the the list of icon library. 

Taken from the Universal Theme Sample Application:
Font APEX is an all new icon library designed to complement Universal Theme. It was designed as a replacement for Font Awesome, the web's leading icon library, and therefore contains almost all of the Font Awesome icons, re-drawn on a 16x16 grid as line-icons, to match the aesthetic we wanted. We wanted to make it a seamless switch to go from Font Awesome to Font APEX, and therefore use the same "fa" prefix for the icons, making it easier than ever to move to entirely new icon library.
To include either Font Awesome or Font APEX in our application, we need to go under the application's Shared Components, then under Themes, select the theme and under the Icons section, we can select the library that we want to include.

What if we would, for some reason, like to include the two libraries and use some icons from one and some icons from the other.

Unfortunately, the library attribute only enables us to select one of them.

On top of that, since the two libraries are using the same "fa" prefix, we can't simply include both files.

On the other hand, Font Awesome includes the LESS and Sass files so that we can customize and build the library ourselves.

What we'll do

The idea is to include the Font APEX library using the built-in attributes. We'll then need to customize Font Awesome so that it uses a different prefix, build it and include that custom version into our application.

Building our customized Font Awesome

First, we'll need to head over to and download the library.
Once extracted, we get 4 folders:
  • css
  • fonts
  • less 
  • scss
Looking at either the LESS or Sass folder we'll see the different files required to build the library. You can choose whichever one you're most familiar with.

For what we're trying to achieve, we can focus specifically on the "variables" and the "font-awesome" files.

The variables file allows us to replace the "fa-css-prefix" variable.
By default, it's set to "fa", but let's change it to something different like "fawe".

Then, we can build the customized version of the library using the "font-awesome" file.

You can build LESS and Sass files with most text editors. There are also many desktop applications that are able to compile LESS and Sass.

Once our customized Font Awesome is built, we need to upload it to our application (either in the Static Files or on your Web Server).

Using Font APEX and Font Awesome

First, we'll need to include our custom Font Awesome library. We can add it under the Shared Components by going into the User Interface Attributes and then selecting the Desktop interface. Under the Cascading Style Sheets Section, we can add the references to our file.

Something like this:

Using Font APEX will be just as usual. Use the corresponding "fa" class as seen on
<i class="fa fa-cog" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fa fa-trash-o" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fa fa-bars" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fa fa-envelope-o" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fa fa-key" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fa fa-shopping-cart" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fa fa-battery-half" aria-hidden="true"></i>

In order to use our customized Font Awesome, we will need to use our custom class prefix. In our case: "fawe".
<i class="fawe fawe-cog" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fawe fawe-trash-o" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fawe fawe-bars" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fawe fawe-envelope-o" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fawe fawe-key" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fawe fawe-shopping-cart" aria-hidden="true"></i>
<i class="fawe fawe-battery-half" aria-hidden="true"></i>
You'll then be able to use both at the same time, like this:

You can have a look at it in action in my Demo Application

You can also get the custom Font Awesome library: here


Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Custom Confirm Dialog Button Labels

Some time ago, someone on the Slack channel asked a question about the APEX confirm dialog. The question was if it was possible to change the labels of the confirm dialog buttons from "Cancel/Ok" to "No/Yes".

If we look at the JavaScript APIs documentation we can see that there are three different ways that we can display a confirmation dialog:
  • apex.confirm
  • apex.message.confirm
The confirm function from the page namespace is different from the one in the confirm namespace. They both render the same confirmation dialog though.

apex.confirm: Alias for the function. Displays a confirmation dialog showing a message (pMessage) and OK and Cancel buttons. Depending on the user's choice, submits the page setting the request value to pRequest, or does not submit the page.

apex.message.confirm: Displays a confirmation dialog showing a message (pMessage), and OK and Cancel buttons. The callback function passed as the pCallback parameter is called when the dialog is closed, and passes true if OK is pressed and false otherwise.

The following JavaScript code:
apex.message.confirm( "Are you sure?", function( okPressed ) {
    console.log(okPressed ? 'Ok' : 'Cancel');

Would display this dialog:

Now, back to the original question. What if we would like to change those button labels.

If we have a look at the JavaScript code of the apex.message.confirm function, we can see that the labels are based on some apex.lang messages (APEX.DIALOG.OK and APEX.DIALOG.CANCEL) and that there is no built-in way to change the labels.


What we can do is change the values (using the JavaScript API of the apex.lang namespace) of the two messages and then call the confirm function. We should also revert the changes to the messages after that so that everything remains as it was initially.

Ok, so let's create a wrapper function on apex.message.confirm (the same also works for  and add two parameters for the button labels.

The function could look like this:
function customConfirm( pMessage, pCallback, pOkLabel, pCancelLabel ){
    var l_original_messages = {"APEX.DIALOG.OK":     apex.lang.getMessage("APEX.DIALOG.OK"),
                               "APEX.DIALOG.CANCEL": apex.lang.getMessage("APEX.DIALOG.CANCEL")};

    //change the button labels messages
    apex.lang.addMessages({"APEX.DIALOG.OK":     pOkLabel});
    apex.lang.addMessages({"APEX.DIALOG.CANCEL": pCancelLabel});

    //show the confirm dialog
    apex.message.confirm(pMessage, pCallback);

    //changes the button labels messages back to their original values
    apex.lang.addMessages({"APEX.DIALOG.OK":     l_original_messages["APEX.DIALOG.OK"]});
    apex.lang.addMessages({"APEX.DIALOG.CANCEL": l_original_messages["APEX.DIALOG.CANCEL"]});

Then, calling our function:
customConfirm( "Are you sure?", function( okPressed ) {
    console.log(okPressed ? 'Ok' : 'Cancel');
}, "Yes", "No");

Would result in this:

or anything you want, like this:

You can have a look at it in action in my Demo Application


Monday, September 25, 2017

Auto Expanding Menu on Hover

Today someone on the Slack asked a question about having the side navigation menu auto-expand when hovering it. So I thought I would share this with others as well.

It can be easily be done using only a couple of JavaScript lines of code:
(function(ut, $) {

var TREE_NAV_WIDGET_KEY = 'nav';

$(window).on('theme42ready', function() {
    /* Make sure that the navigation menu is collapsed on page load */
    if (ut.toggleWidgets.isExpanded(TREE_NAV_WIDGET_KEY)){

    /* Expand on mouse over, collapse on mouse out */
    $('.apex-side-nav.js-navCollapsed .t-Body-nav').hover(
        function() {

})(apex.theme42, apex.jQuery);
First thing we need to do is make sure that the side navigation is collapsed.
Then we add a hovering handler using the jQuery .hover() on the navigation menu container.

You'll end up with something like this:

Have fun

You can have a look at it in action in my Demo Application
Edit 09-27
Now triggers the custom navigation menu event.
Also calls the delayResize function so that any sticky headers get resized correctly when the side navigation menu is expanded and collapsed.

Edit 09-28
Rewrote to use namespacing, wrapped using the "theme42ready" event and replaced the collapsed/expand calls with the universal theme functions.

Friday, September 8, 2017

APEX Items the Application Builder Style

The APEX application builder has the items look and feel different compared to what you get in a regular application.

You might think that they are looking good and that you would like to display them the same way in your application.

Here's the CSS you can use to do just that:
/* Removes borders from items */
.t-Form-inputContainer input[type="text"],
.t-Form-inputContainer input.text_field,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.password,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.datepicker,
.t-Form-inputContainer span.display_only,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.popup_lov,
.t-Form-inputContainer select,
.t-Form-inputContainer select.selectlist[size="1"],
.t-Form-inputContainer select.yes_no,
.u-TF-item--select {
   background-color: transparent;
   border-top-color: transparent;
   border-left-color: transparent;
   border-right-color: transparent;

/* Removes decoration of the popup lov button */
.a-Button.a-Button--popupLOV {
    background-color: transparent;
    box-shadow: none;
.a-Button.a-Button--popupLOV:hover {
    background-color: #f8f8f8;
    box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.125) inset;

/* Removes borders when displaying inline error  */
.t-Form-inputContainer input[type="text"].apex-page-item-error,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.text_field.apex-page-item-error,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.password.apex-page-item-error,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.datepicker.apex-page-item-error,
.t-Form-inputContainer span.display_only.apex-page-item-error,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.popup_lov.apex-page-item-error,
.t-Form-inputContainer select.apex-page-item-error,
   border-top-color: transparent;
   border-left-color: transparent;
   border-right-color: transparent;

/* Removes borders when displaying inline error (required with valid state) */
.t-Form-inputContainer input[type="text"].apex-page-item-error:required:valid,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.text_field.apex-page-item-error:required:valid,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.password.apex-page-item-error:required:valid,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.datepicker.apex-page-item-error:required:valid,
.t-Form-inputContainer span.display_only.apex-page-item-error:required:valid,
.t-Form-inputContainer input.popup_lov.apex-page-item-error:required:valid,
.t-Form-inputContainer select.apex-page-item-error:required:valid,
.u-TF-item--select.apex-page-item-error:required:valid {
    border-top-color: transparent;
    border-right-color: transparent;
    border-left-color: transparent;

/* Fix the select list error border color */
.t-Form-inputContainer select.apex-page-item-error{
    border-color: #eb6562;

Basically, the CSS will hide the top, left and right border of the items, while keeping the bottom border as well as the border's defined color. When the item is focused, all borders will be displayed as usual.

You'll end up with something like this:

Have fun

You can have a look at my Demo Application

Friday, February 24, 2017

Overriding the Default Properties of Inline Dialogs

When using inline modal, you can display them using the openModal JavaScript function.

That function is wrapping the jQuery UI Dialog Open method.
/* **********************************************
     From Theme42.js
********************************************** */
window.openModal = function(pDialogId, pDialogTriggerId, pSetFocusId, pClear) {
        $("#" + pDialogId).dialog("open")

What we can do to override the default properties is to set them either on page or right before calling the Open method.

Let's say we would like to have a smaller dialog (e.g. height of 200px)

Option 1

On page load
$('#INLINE_REGION_STATIC_ID').dialog('option', 'height', 200);

Then you can use

Option 2

When openning the Dialog:
$('#INLINE_REGION_STATIC_ID').dialog('option', 'height', 200).dialog('open')

For more information, you can have a look at the Dialog Widget documentation

Friday, February 3, 2017

Using Font Apex in Apex 5.0

Apex 5.1 introduced Font Apex, a new icon library designed to complement Universal Theme and to replace Font Awesome. The same "fa" prefix for the icons was kept so that it's easier to move from Font Awesome to this entirely new icon library.

Font APEX comes with a number of customizations built-in, enabling us to easily control the size, animation, rotation, and even add modifiers on top of icons. You can try customizing your icons using the Icon Builder in the Universal Theme sample application.

What if you are still on Apex 5.0 and would like to use it?

Don't worry you are able to do so.
Here's how you can do it.

First let's get the Font Apex library files.
You can get them from the Apex 5.1 installation file under the "images\libraries\font-apex" folder (or from here)
Then you will need to import these files in your application (let's do it using the Static Application Files for the sake of simplicity, but you could also import them in the Static Workspace Files or copy them on your web server).

Note: zipping the font-apex folder will enable us to upload only that zipped file instead of every single file from the folder using the zip file will also keep the folder structure.

You will end up with the following files:

Then, let's remove the Font Awesome and include the Font Apex.

Step 4 removes the Font Awesome reference.
Step 5 uses the Font Apex CSS file reference from above step. Notice that the .min was replaced by #MIN#
From help text:
If you provide a minified version of your file you can use the substitution string #MIN# to include .min or #MIN_DIRECTORY# to include minified/ in your file URL for a regular page view and an empty string if the page is viewed in debug mode. 

At this point, if you try to run your application, you should be able to see most of the Font Apex icons.

There are some tweaks we still need to do so that everything is displayed nicely.
First, there is still a class that uses the "font-family: font-awesome;", which is used by the expand/collapse navigation menu button.

The other thing we need to change is the height of the icons.
Font Awesome uses 14x14 icons whereas Font Apex uses 16x16 icons. Some icons might not be displayed correctly. The expand/collapse navigation menu button is also one of those.

Here's the CSS that is required to fix these.

.t-Icon[class*=' fa-'],.t-Icon[class^=fa-]{
    font-family: font-apex!important;
    font-size: initial;

.t-TreeNav .a-TreeView-node--topLevel>.a-TreeView-content .fa{
    font-size: initial;

Enjoy Font Apex in your Apex 5.0 applications!

Edit 1: The Custom Prefix Class attribute needs to be set to "fa"

Edit 2: Scott Wesley has a nice followup to this: